Surface Tension

Explains the concepts of Surface Tension, Capillarity, Bubble

Definition

In the fall a fisherman's boat is often surrounded by fallen leaves that are lying on the water. The boat floats, because it is partially immersed in the water and the resulting buoyant force balances its weight, as Section 11.6 discusses. The leaves, however, float for a different reason. They are not immersed in the water, so the weight of a leaf is not balanced by a buoyant force. Instead, the force balancing a leaf's weight arises because of the surface tension of the water. Surface tension is a property that allows the surface of a liquid to behave somewhat as a trampoline does. When a person stands on a trampoline, the trampoline stretches downward a bit and, in so doing, exerts an upward elastic force on the person. This upward force balances the person's weight. The surface of the water behaves in a similar way. In Figure 1, for instance, you can see the indentations in the water surface made by the feet of an insect known as a water strider, because it can stride or walk on the surface just as a person can walk on a trampoline.